What are the main risks to cryptocurrency investors?

 Cryptocurrency risk

Interest in digital currencies has increased from individual investors as well as from institutional investors, as major companies such as Tesla, for example, have invested in Bitcoin. Cryptocurrencies have been a hot topic for a while now in the financial world, but the economic uncertainty that came along with the coronavirus pandemic has turned the Bitcoin hype into high alert.

On March 13, 2021, Bitcoin reached an all-time high of over $60,000. That's when it was at the end of 2020, trading for less than half that price. While this rise has been a boon for those investors like Elon Musk, the NFL player who made his salary in bitcoin, that does not mean that bitcoin is the right trade or investment for everyone. Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies have risks associated with rapid volatility, both in the short and long term.

While some investors may continue to profit, others, especially those who get into the tops, stand a good chance of losing everything.

Types of investment risks  in digital currencies

Here are the biggest risks of investing in Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies in general.

What are the main risks to cryptocurrency investors?

Bitcoin  is a tradable asset but it is not backed by anything other than its mathematical algorithm

Bitcoin is not a safe haven, nor a financial refuge in the event of disaster

During the coming lines, we will explain what each of them is 

Fluctuation and volatility

The price of Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies in general is incredibly volatile because it is such a young market. It is not uncommon for the price of bitcoin to fluctuate sharply within a day or even within minutes. This makes trading a dangerous venture. The fundamentals usually support the currencies in general. But Bitcoin is not a fully functional currency, and its fundamentals are still emerging and evolving. As a long-term investment, it pays to look at the previous all-time high.

In December 2017 when Bitcoin hit the $20,000 level, this might sound tempting because Bitcoin is currently regularly trading at more than $50,000, but when you look at it a short time later, in February 2018, the price dropped to less than $7,000. This sharp drop could easily happen again.

Bitcoin is self-supporting

Another reason Bitcoin is risky is that it is a tradable asset but is not backed by anything but its mathematical algorithm. Bitcoin only has value because the people who trade it say it has value. There are no governments or regulatory agencies that help bitcoin retain its value. The value is basically made up, for lack of a better option. In other words, as investor Warren Buffett said, Bitcoin has no unique value at all. This makes it an incredibly risky investment if the market decides it is no longer worth it.

Bitcoin is not as disaster proof as people think

One of the biggest arguments for investing in bitcoin during and after the pandemic is that it is a great hedge against inflation for fiat currencies, national banks or even the entire financial system, should they fail. The pandemic has made these scenarios seem more plausible than ever, but thinking that Bitcoin will be your salvation in these situations is probably wrong.

If traditional currencies or traditional financial systems fail at all, governments and central banks will respond by keeping tangible assets like gold in vaults as an alternative, not cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, although that is likely to change in the future with no guarantees of course.

If the crash goes any further and shuts down modern technologies, electrical grids, or even the entire internet, how can your bitcoins be accessed then? ... It's something to think about when you hear that bitcoin is the best way to protect yourself from future disasters. Ultimately, it is about risk and your willingness to accept both profit and loss.

Also, read the Bitcoin price volatility part in the Bitcoin Trading and Investing article

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